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Cargo transportation service is one of the important links in the supply chain of Logistics services which has become one of the important sectors in socio-economic development.

(DĐDN) – Cargo transportation service is one of the important links in the supply chain of Logistics services and has become one of the sectors that play an important role in socio-economic development. helping circulation and transport activities to be implemented quickly and easily, bringing products and goods of businesses to all regions and consumers.

However, in the context that the transport industry is facing difficulties at an alarming level, there are still many hidden dangers, the absence of the authorities in the management, and even some departments. make businesses difficult. That is the pressing of transport enterprises around this issue. At any given time, opportunities and challenges are always divided equally for both. Considering the actual situation, our goods transport has had strong development steps, the shipping enterprises are increasing rapidly in quantity, significantly improving the quality and creating a reputation for the partners have demand for freight. Or the story of transport infrastructure: if in the past, infrastructure deteriorated, transportation was slow; not only affecting the progress but also affecting the property safety and human life, it has now been improved clearly, especially the North-South route, the project to expand the national route 1A, basically was smooth. However, besides the above advantages, the transport industry still has many shortcomings and difficulties in business operations.

According to representatives of some transport yard enterprises in the Mekong Delta: the growth of vehicles in a massive, risky, reckless manner in investment, the amount of vehicles at this time has a sudden growth, people As transport, houses for transport and somewhere else, there is a lack of professionalism in transport services, making the already scarce goods more difficult and competition problems appear. healthy. If compared at the same period, the volume of goods this year is only equal to 70% compared to the previous year, especially when the time of Tet is like this. Low freight rates, the car runs wildly, lacks the activeness in transporting goods, partly due to the characteristics of agricultural products that are forced by Chinese traders.not ensuring the criteria of food hygiene and safety partly due to the sensitive factor at the border gate area (often close the border), the car must be lined up at the border gate, the cost increased due to many clues to goods circulated make transportation companies and farmers extremely difficult … More than ever, right now, special attention of the government at the border area and local authorities should be: to build a standard model of cooperatives to link product consumption to agricultural products, to coordinate and support enterprises and farmers to build brands of agricultural products according to VietGap standards, contributing to economic development. ensure social security, …

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Service quality is limited

Mr. Bui Quang Dao – General Director of Quang Ninh Port affirmed: service quality is not only the transport enterprises have not had a good investment in means of transport but so are human resources: now the means of transport also Rude, not yet meeting safety requirements. Human resources are still limited in professional skills, qualifications, so it has not created the absolute peace of mind for partners.

Freight rates are still inadequate: if previously, railway freight rates (DS) were relatively low compared to other modes of transport, especially on long distance routes. On the Saigon – Hanoi route, the freight rate is about 1 million VND / ton, about 50% compared to the transport of container by road, now, because the condition of scarcity of goods leads to the transport by road only Railway in 2013-2014.

Hai Phong – Lao Cai route, freight rates for container transport by rail are also only equal to 60% of road transport. Water transport freight rates are only 25% – 40% of road transport. In particular, freight by sea is even lower, on the Saigon – Hanoi route, only 15% – 20% compared to the road. Coastal transport routes from Saigon and Hai Phong to Central provinces are only about 40% – 45% of transportation costs by road, …

From the above situation, the competition on prices and that may have been the cause of affecting the quality of goods transport service, causing pressing for businesses with large cargo demand in the country.

Good control of tonnage – the price will return to true value

Mr. Patrick Avice CICT General Director again shared: We highly appreciate the control of tonnage of Vietnamese authorities, especially the Ministry of Transport. At the beginning, many transport companies opposed the tonnage control. However, on the side of CICT fully support because it is a very good regulation, it helps to ensure the circulation process of the vehicles when participating in the traffic, besides, it also maintains the quality of roads. The control of vehicle load will contribute to bringing freight rates to true value and at the same time to create conditions for the transport market to develop healthily and not allow businesses to face difficulties in transportation activities. Without affecting social security and affecting the economy, I think the Ministry of Transport has made wise decisions.

However, there are some barriers in the sea: The construction of rampant seaports leads to oversupply and a direct impact on prices. Low prices will lead to unfair competition issues, which will in fact negatively affect Vietnam’s economy. And another obstacle is that Vietnamese partners do not fulfill their commitment to project funds to support seaports. In this regard, I think that partners should sit together to review what was signed in the commitment; with the goal of building together, developing together, Mr. Patrick Avice shared.

Competition is unequal because supply is larger than demand

Mr. Nguyen Huu Vinh Transport company in Ho Chi Minh City said that: Supply increases, demand reduction is the excess of transport means too large will break the planning in transport. The competitive factor of price appears to have a direct impact on the quality of service, the professionalism of individual and spontaneous models, although it is still limited in terms of professionalism but will affect more or less investors. profession. By face but not satisfied, professional transport enterprises must accept because we are maintaining the mechanism of the school economy. Therefore, the basic investment enterprises have a lot of vehicles; Investment in human resources and management is needed to improve service quality, and at the same time research and propose preferential mechanisms during the investment and transport process. In addition to the efforts of businesses, it is necessary to have the co-operation of the authorities, transport associations in researching and reviewing transport needs for each method. In particular, the floor price applied to transport goods into operation, developed the price frame of each mode of transport and provided criteria to ensure the connection between modes of transport, avoiding the first situation. Massive investment, movement …

Mr. Pham Van Son Chairman of Member Board of Saigon Railway Transport Company said that in order to soon create fundamental changes in the capacity of transport modes including: railway, waterway and air, ready replacing and reducing road load, each unit must increase capacity, administrative reform, improve professionalism and combat negative. And the problem is how to get a stable number of customers to transport goods to their businesses is always the question that all economic units must pay attention to.

Mr. Bui Duc Nghi, a transportation company in Hanoi shared: Each mode of transport has certain advantages and limitations. Therefore, enterprises that have demand for goods transportation must choose their partners as a matter of course. In principle, no method trampled on each other. However, at the current difficult time, the methods are encroaching and this is understandable because when investors are engaged in business, do not allow themselves to stop if not the door will close anytime. But I think that this situation will not last long. Because if it continues to leave many consequences, the advantage will be inclined to which transport method has good service quality and reasonable price, …

Heavy burden on enterprises’ shoulders

Mr. Pham Van Lam – Director of Khanh Hung Company said: Never before has the goods transport industry been as difficult as 2015. Maybe due to the impact of the economy, there are still many difficulties, direct impact on the transport industry and according to the law of supply and demand. When supply is greater than demand, it will lead to unfair price competition. At this time, it is one of the reasons that service quality is not guaranteed. From my personal point of view; The volume of goods is not less than the previous years but due to the need to share with the sudden increase in means of transport, there is a misunderstanding about the scarcity of goods. Difficulties are pouring on businesses, pressure from high costs and low charges. If averaging when the car transports goods to reach 12 million and the way out (yards) reaches 30 million, this is a pretty good headache for a transport company. The cost is too large: the petrol cost is 21 million VND, 3 million bank interest, 7 million VND / 2 drivers, 3 million asset depreciation fees, 5 million tolls, tolls … So, the total revenue is 1 The 42 million trip is said to be high compared to the common ground in the current situation, the cost is up to 39 million, enterprises are temporarily calculated to reach 3 million / car and average 3 trips / month, equivalent to 9 million / month, not including road maintenance fees and car insurance, etc. meanwhile to invest in a car equivalent to 2 billion dong is too great pressure for transport enterprises in this time.

Tax policy is inconsistent

Transport enterprises of Hung Yen province said that many terms in the tax calculation roadmap for enterprises are not smooth and lack of synchronization; The current tolls and tolls are not included in the cost or the controversial calculation of fuel consumption is still controversial and cannot be identified correctly.

For example, companies have routes running from HN-SG and vice versa, the norm of 100km is 15 liters of oil and according to the survey with the distance of about and equal to 4,000 km x 15 liters = 600 liters. However, from 2013, the tax department of Yen My district in Hung Yen province only calculated for businesses with the consumption rate of 45% – 50% and required to pour in the oil tree of the state. So the road must stop? 55% of vehicles will run by, sorry to pour water to buy! In the same province but there are 2 ways to calculate fuel consumption, where 45% of the places are 70%? Thus, there is a lack of solid basis in the implementation of documents, a profession but there are 2 tariffs. This may be that the Hung Yen Tax Department needs to review how to calculate it appropriately to support businesses in this difficult time.

Difficulty from … managing the market

Mr. Tran Cong Vien, a representative of a transport company in Ho Chi Minh City, said that it is a transport company but we have to bear a lot of pressure from the market management (traffic management) forces along the NH1 route, especially Binh provinces. Thuan, Ninh Thuan, Da Nang, Quang Tri, Nghe An, Thanh Hoa … often suffer difficulties from traffic management forces, make records of fines, collection and registration of vehicles, and driving licenses that greatly affect time and cost for businesses. We are transporting companies that hire and lease only transport contracts and invoices, copies of the two parties to buy and sell but cannot get the red bill. According to Circular No. 64/2015 / TTLT-BTC-BCT-BCA-BQP, at item a, clause 2, article 3: at the time of inspection, establishments manufacturing and trading imported goods and persons with rights Relevant benefits and obligations must produce copies of stamped invoices and vouchers of importing goods production and trading establishments so as to have grounds to determine that imported goods are lawful. However, it is still difficult and gives many reasons: any goods that do not have a regular stamp, a secondary stamp, … make a record, seize the goods, sometimes have a hard time confusing .

With this view, Mr. Pham Van Quy, Song Cau1 Company said that the labeling, labeling, … is the responsibility of the production, business and goods owners, not the responsibility of the enterprise. carriage. The error of leaving this product out of the place of production and circulation in the market belongs to the local authorities, including the closed management division in the area. Why locally produced goods cannot be detected and processed but must wait until they are circulated on the road? Every day millions of vehicles circulate, difficult, hard, costly how much money of the state to finally find some items that lack stamps and labels? Or the goal of traffic management is aimed at transport businesses to make it difficult? There are times when we have to accept to sign the minutes unjustly to keep our customers but really do not submit, the lowest loading and unloading fee of 2 million VND / time and not including administrative penalties up to a few million, Mr. Quy annoyed.

Replace the ending

Thinking in terms of the transportation industry is very difficult, we must brace ourselves against many pressures. Before the rapid pace of development of vehicles led to fierce competition between transport forces, lack of cohesion, synchronization in the management of state agencies created a gap to some ministries. The advantages and disadvantages in the field of capital goods transport are still many problems and there is an increasing tendency to affect traffic safety as well as transparency in the process of transportation. goods. In order to properly assess the current situation of the transport industry in the organization of management of transport activities today, it is necessary to identify the pros and cons, on the basis of which find out the causes and solutions to overcome and address specific plans pay special attention to the issue of organizing seminars, seeking opinions on the construction of floor prices for Vietnam’s transport industry to be transparent, effective and sustainable.

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